Known as Mukul myrrh tree, it is a flowering plant that hails from the family, Burseraceae. While the shrub grows to a maximum height of 4 meters, the flowers are either red or pink in color.
Usually, the plant is grown in regions where the climatic condition is arid or semi-arid. The natural extract called guggulipid has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for almost 3000 years. Basically, Guggul is composed of many substances. These include steroids, triterpenoids, volatile oils, flavonoids, and sesquiterpenoids.
While the active compound, guggulsterone helps to reduce fat and is known for anti-inflammatory properties, flavonoids like Quercetin help in protecting the nervous system.
Among the Triterpenoids, Myrrhanone and Myrrhanol are recognized for its anti-inflammatory properties. On the other hand, volatile oils like Cineole, Pinene, Eugenol, and Limonene help to kill germs and are considered for its antiseptic properties.